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This paper focuses on the relation between large car manufacturers’ incentive and opportunity to innovate and their Electric Vehicle (EV) business strategies. We analyze how environmental regulation and the firm’s incentive (measured by net income) and opportunity to innovate (measured by EV asset position, determined from a combination of patent, partnership and prototype data) affect EV sales over the period 1990-2011. During the EV’s R&D period in the 1990s, large car manufacturers that were regulated by the full Zero Emission Vehicle mandate developed a significantly stronger EV asset position, but did not sell significantly more EVs than their rivals. During the EV’s commercialization period (2007-2011), large car manufacturers with both a strong incentive and a strong opportunity to innovate sold significantly more EVs. Based on these results, the paper offers a typology of business strategies, several managerial implications and recommendations for policy makers to stimulate sustainable development.

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January 28th, 2014

You think water moves fast? You should see ice

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August 18th, 2015

Hallo wereld!

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May 4th, 2015

Hello world!

Welcome to WordPress. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start blogging!

January 28th, 2014

The hidden benefits of gossip, ostracism

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January 28th, 2014

Rust Belt gentrification and how it hurts the poor

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January 28th, 2014

An old mathematical puzzle soon to be unraveled?

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January 28th, 2014

Making stem cells grow human hair

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January 28th, 2014

Study analyzes content of nightmares and bad dreams

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January 28th, 2014

Just another blog post

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January 28th, 2014

Astronomy podcast for kids

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