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Public Procurement for Innovation (PPI) is a powerful, underutilized demand-side innovation
policy instrument that can be used to stimulate innovation, meet sectoral policy goals and
mitigate grand challenges. Further research is required to analyze how PPI contributes to
these goals and how it operates in practice; more case studies are needed to achieve this.
We analyze a case of direct developmental PPI, the procurement of a navigable storm surge
barrier in the Netherlands. Data from policy documents, reports and interviews were used in
an event history analysis which serves to capture dynamic patterns of innovation activities.
We interpret our findings in relation to the tentative lessons on PPI available in the literature.
We also draw policy conclusions with respect to dealing with multiple policy goals and user
needs; specifying functional requirements; levels of expertise within governments; balancing
competition and cooperation; and taking risks.

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